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THE

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I

STATI

A HISTORY

OF

^imi^imit

FROM

1608 TO 18G0:

Exmnrrixo

THE ORIGIN AND GROWTH OP THE PRINCIPAL MECHANIC ARTS AND

MANUFACTURES, FROM THE EARLIEST COLONIAL PERIOD

TO THE ADOPTION OF THE CONSTITUTION ;

AND C O 31 P n I S I .N O

ANNALS OF THE INDUSTRY OF THE UNITED STATES IN MACHINERY, MANUFACTURES AND USEFUL ARTS,

WITH A NOTICK OP

die Important |nl)cutions, f aritfs, aui) the ^lesults of ta tlr 5etennial (Census.

Xt---

By jr LEAXDEP. BISHOP, A.M., M.D.

WITH AN APPENDIX, CONTAININa

STATISTICS OF THE PIIIXCII'AL MAXn'ACTriUXU CKXTI'.KS, AM) DESCIUl'TIOXa OF UEJIARKAIil.E MANUFAITUKIKS AT TilE I'UEStNT TIME,

IN THREE VOLUMES. VOL. III.

THIRD EDITION, REVISED AND ENLARGED. PIIILAPELPIIIA:

EDWARD YOUNG & CO.,

Ko. 144 SOUTH SIXTH STIIEET.

L o N n o X : SAMSON LOW, SON & CO., 47 LUDOATE HILL.

ItiGi!.

ifl

1 ^ . 'I''

\i

Eiilcred according to Act of Congress, in tlic year 1808, '>y

EDWIN T. FUEEDLEY,

In the Clerk's Ollice of the District Court of tiie United States, in and for

tlio Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

KIN.) k DAIBD, rfTBBEOTVPEKS AND rillSTKllS, G07 8AN60JI STBBRT, PHlLADELrniA.

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INTRODUCTION TO VOL. III.

-♦«•♦♦-

In tlio two proceding volumes wo liij.ve eiideavorod to tract-, from sucli roco-l8 as laborious research could discover, the leading facts iu llie histo./ of tlic growth of the inanufacturiug industry of the United Slates, irom the cstablislnnent of the finst Glassworks at Jamestown, in 10(J8, to the close of the eighth Decennial Censu.s. As France has a work on her "Great Manufactories," and Knuland on her " Woi'kshoi)s," it would seem that our task would be incom- plete without showing that the United States has also nKuiufactur- ing ; ' lishments worthy of a permanent record. In ullering this volume to the puljlie, it is but Just to acknowledge that it is almost wholly the result of the labor of other hands than those which prepared the previous ones. Having b,.'en drawn into the current of military life before the pidjlication of the second vuluine, and afterwanl by the force of circumstances prevented from immedi- ately prosecuting the work to its conclusion, its completion was intrusted to gentlemen whose industry, literary experience, and practical acquaintance with the subject gave assurance (jf judgment and lidclity in its execution. 15/ far the larger and better i«ortioii of the volume is the work of Edwin T. Freedley, of Philadelphia, while the statistical portion has been principally contributed by Mr. Edward Young, late of the Census Ollice in Washingtim city.

(iii)

iv

INTUODUCTION.

It lias been the object in these pages to present, as clearly and grapliieally as possible, tlie results of American enterprise and ingenuity in organizing skilled labor, and subordinating tlic forces of nature and the mechanical powers to his service, in building up systematic estalilishmeuts and manuliieturing towns and villages; thus bringing into view numerous remarkable examples and pecu- liar phases of the many-sided, practical American character, as displayed in individual or associate undertakings. The United Stutcs, according to the last Census, contains not less than one hundred towns and cities, with populations of ten thousand and upward, engaged more or less in manufoetures. The constant ten- dency is toward the concentration of labor and capital in large towns where skilled workmen, banking privileges, transportation, and other facilities are most easily commanded. As these focal points of industry extend and increase in size, the methods of business are more and more assimilated to the factory systems of older and more densely populated countries, with their divisions of labor and handicraft perfection, so far as the more general use of machinery in this country permits. In many of these manufac- turing communities we see the operation of these laws and affini- ties of trade, which tend to concentrate certain branches of manu- facture in iiartieular localities. Ilen^e many of these busy hives of labor aie noted for special kinds of production, which are there fabricated to a greater extent or in greater perfection than else- where. The economy of several branches of American industry has been so modified by the genius and character of certain in- ventors or prominent producers as to dilYer materially from the methods employed in other countries. Other branches have been almost or entirely created by the mechanical improvements of men

INTItuIurTIO.V. y

wlio arc still on the stage of uctiou or have recently left it. These and many other interesting features of our imlustrial economy, with many details of particuhiv manufactures, omitted in the pre- ceding historical annals, will be found in this volume. While it contains much matter of a personal and local character, we believe no less I'egard has been jtaid to strict accuracy of statement than in the previous volumes, and the truth of history has in no case been knowingly sacrificed to gratify the subjects '^^ the sketches. Some of the descriptions have been made from sources deemed authentic and reliable, without the knowledge of the proprietors of the works noticed; though generally the accounts are derived from direct personal inquiry, and have received the corrections of the parties interested. It is believed that this volume, with the A]ipendix of the preceding volume, contains some account of nearly all the really extensive and noteworthy manufacturing establishments of the United Stotes, yet it could with propriety have been greatly extended if time had been aflbrded, and a future revision will enable us to remedy the oniissioua and defects of the present.

^Vith these explanations the volume is committed to the indul- gence of the public, in the belief that it will be found of great ])ractical value to manufacturers in showinsi; the interior manan'c- mcnt of large establishments, and to posterity in furnishing a land- mark and criterion by which they may measure tlioir progress iu the magnificent future now opening to the Nation's Industry.

S T A T I S T I C S

OP THE l-KINCirAL

MAInUFACTUUING cities and towns IX THE UNITED STATES.

COMl'II.I'D FliOM THE

CENSUS RETURNS FOR THE YEAR liNDING JUNE 1, ISUO.

viirn

DESCRirTIONS OF IlEMARKARLE MANUFACT(3RIES.

In ]SCO. the agents employed in faking tlio Eiglitii Census reported there were in I'liilii delpliiii i-ix tliousiind two hundred and ninety-clgbt manufacturing establislimonts. with n eiipital of $7;),."'1^)''SJ, employing sixty-eight thousand threo hundred and ni'ly rniilos, thirty thousand six hundred and tliirty-tlireo females, who produced a \aluo of $I35,97U,77r. Believing that the original returns were erroneous, Lorin lilodget, Seero- tary of the Board of Trade, was appointed to revise them, who reported as follows :

MANLFACTUUES OF rillLADELHIIA.

Mnnufiictnrcs.

Asrivultuiul inijilfini'iits

AU'i'lut! iinil raniplu'iio

Arlificinl limbs

Arliliriiil tcutli

flakois' liii'ail anil crackers...

III.'ickinK anil ink

liiillrianil rivets, wrought inin

Uiino lilac.t

Miiiikliinilihsr nnil blank bonks

l!o"k jinbli-liin,!;

Uodts lui'i sliiic-)

IJrass fiinnilciH

lircwcrics

niitannia ware

Ilricks. cnuiiiiiin an<l lU'i'sscil..

lirivks iiie

Uri'iinis, corn

Braslios

Caps, men's nnil bov.'.'

Caril:!, iila\SMH, ininlers', etc..

Carpets

Carriages and coaelin

Cars, for raihi.ail--

Car wheels and nxies

Cbondcals

Clothing

Ce.fTee, roaste 1 nml gnuinil.... Combs, tortoi^^e-shell amlollicr Confectioners

u

No. of K>labli-,li. nients.

Capital.

$(^7.^00.....

Cost of raw mato- rial. . .?40.542

Malo lianils. S3

Female hanils.

Vnlne of

riuilncts

f 142,910

0

I'JO.'.WO

40,000

70

002,418

11,000

38

9

52.'.i00

]•.;

;!4(j

:.'-i4,soo

V.'i.'i.ilo.'i

170.S31

. 1,314..>!7....

89

.. 878

71

34

323,908 2,214,8.^,0

9

7

1'<4.(I00

ITo.oiiO

l«9,0i;5

15!1,:!!)0....

00

.. 318

SO

2G5,3S0 410,000

3

lll.oou

. 100.150

. 32

192,0 CO

M

Siir,.nM)

.■):i0.742

,. CM..,..

. 694

949,778

■i-2

i,'.iii,f,on

741.000....

.. 003

,. 241

, 2,200,400

701

l,7::i).'^i"i

. .,912.0.-|7

.. 0.497

. 1,937

5.32X887

in

a.'.o.ir.o

•JT4.o-.>4

,. 310

. 10

571,800

OS

•;!

2,12-J.OllO

00 000

. 1,102.733..., 2S,02O....

.. 593

08

3

2.223.425 70.900

49

l,2l)S,'iOO

so,ooo

70,025.... 24,975....

.. 1,870

. 1,212,190

SO

77,900

w.

51, SCO

200,400

111,.%0

44,000

8S'.>,ia^)

58,401....

203,298....

84,505....

80.5.53....

,. 1,393,771....

S3

132,809

ai

10

4

vu

.. 384....

63

33

.. 1,925

75

,. 320

59

,. 755

415,034

2.58,1 ,J0

134.1)00

. 2,91.5,018

r>*j

010.000

320.321....

.. 1,038

. l,o,51,.371

4

3uS,f)00

188,507....

.. 421....,

494,375

2

540,000

235,300....

.. 120....,

393,IK)0

a.-)

Ut'i'J

l.SOl.OOO

4,309,575

33,500

17,700

?34,400

,. 1,544.310.... ,. 5,147,*44....

417,21)0.... 18,073....

312,003....

.. 702

,. 0,.".09.... 27

.. 35

.. 8,078

. 2,709,2.54

. 9,984,497

528,000

9

SO

61

.. 250....

53

60,900 551,250

1

Coo:

I

Cop Cori

Cott

Cott

Cott liii

Cott hr

cli Curi

Cull

Dist

Dye

Eart

Fi'i't

■:■}. t

Fire Fli.n

Fun

Ik

i Fur

j Gas

j Ga»

\ Olas

1 Glo\

GIiic

[ Gold

1 Gold

! Gun

! Hail

IlatI

Hosi

Hosi

Ink,

Iron E G G c

Iron Iron

Sll

Iron

Iron

Jewi

Lam

Lcac

sir

Loco Jlacl Bbicl

Mali

MAKTIFACTUUES OF PIin-ADELPtllA.

15

Coopers' «"rk

C'lil'Iier w.ii-U

Conlai,'!'. li('ni|i iiiul ll;ix.... Cotton K.iiias, cliitlis, with

jiowor

Cotton t.'oo(ls, lianj looms, Cotton auil wooloii goods,

power

Cotton and wooloii jroods,

hand loont»

Cotton wobbiui.', lapo,

hraid, ^-c

Cotton and woolou i;ia-

chinovy

Cured meats

Cutlery.filool tools.fIIcs,&e.

Distillers and rcctiliors

Dyers, wool and cotton

Kai'the aware ...

Fertilizers,,

Fire on^'ine.s

Floar mills

Furniture,eabinetorlioiiso-

liold

Fur manul'aelnres

Gas works

Gas(lxtn'u,i)iiandolier.s,ote. Glass, window, bottles, etc.

Gloves, of bnekskin

Glue, curled luiir, etc

Gold leaf and foil

Gold wateli cases k cliaina

Guns and pintol.4

Itairclotli

Hats ; wool, silk, and fur.

Hatters' trimmings

Hosiery, woolen

Hosiery, cotton

Ink, printers'

Iron castinc:s:

Bulldini; foundrie.s

Gas and water jiipo

Gener.il foundiies

Stoves and hollow waro

Iron railins's

Iron rolling-mills, bar,

sheet, and pinto

Iron rolled tubes. Hues, &c. Iron wire and ornamental

work

Jewelers and watchmakers

Lampblack

Lead pipe, shot, and lead- smelters

Leather, in all forms

Locomotives

Jlacliinery, general, of iroa Jhichiuists' tool mauufac's Mahogany mills

No. of

r.,«t of

Eslablisi

-

raw uiate-

JIalo

I'ciiialo

Valuoi.f

luont.^.

Citiiital.

ri:i!

haiols.

ha.i.ls.

I'r.'ducls,

f.j

*2i:i,s;12....

. f 201, :■:,-,,...

400,,.

..

.. l?is;i,r.t>l

It

>4„-.oo ...

77,210 .,„

7.'i....

Ms, 000

7

lS7,,sO(i....

l:il,:i:i:i.. ,

183...

3,.,.

2.12,8,10

.'■il

2,101, nm;)...,

, 2,0.':!,740,,,.

. 1,001,...

.. 2,S02....

. 4,317,01,1

18

C0,01I0...

54,04-^,,,,

ICl...

400,...

2.1?,743

51

l,0,j:i,ei)O....

. 2,021,813,,..

. 1,704,,.

.. 1,0.V1....

. 3,,193,3'!G

5

31,r)00....

42,100,...

7? .,

nO_

9S,000

7

I,o7,^0( ....

. 131,0115.,.,

74...

1,12,,..

202,900

(!

27:),700....

12O,0.-i4.,,.

397,...

490,000

Z'>

l,li.'l,,-lllll....

. 3,.-do,41,-i,„,

23S....

. 4,,17.1,Sii7

O-J

.Oii.Doi),...

40,SO,-,,,„

f.S,...

1....

119,425

,",<)

712,40it....

, l,171,.-jlti....

1.30,..,

. 1,490.031

;i.)

174,101...,

200,300....

211..,,

20...,

S01,.1SS

11

(10,(1011...,

20,y22...,

1112 .„

1OT,01C

12

100,4110...,"

107,,'i70,,,,

02.,,,

2o7,4.10

•2

4u,ooi>...,

lij,.'<00

4.1,,,,

43,000

yo

CH.StiO....

. 2,04S,01,i....

19S,,,.

. 3,09b,325

ISI

l,OliS,,Viii..,.

. C:i>;,02;),..,

. 1,G13,...

14 ,„

. l,So4,4.30

20

.■!12,('iiO....

l.T,.-|Ol.,..

SO ...

10,1 ,.,

371,GmO

H

3,9.'i(i,24S....

.JS'i,2mO

Si!3....

. 1,S37,.100

l.-i

l,l:il,000....

,'j:)3,420

. 1,099....

32,...

. 1,050,1,10

s

c:i.-i,iioo....

341,7.-,0.,„

S2,"i ,.,

. 1,069,000

,')

20.'; 00....

'o.OOO ,..

19,...

.30,...

ao,SOi)

4

/j70.iino,...

^ ■■ ,0)U)....

493,,..

flOO.OOG

c

01,."iii.i

140. 2;o

73 ...

.lO

224,CoO

2:)

741,, ".00..,.

. l,lo-.s,-,.!

c,-;s ...

4';.,.,

. l,711,^0(l

2,'i

110,000,...

8J,:l?2,,,,

223,...

2

2,11,1,10

1!

u.-,,.-o.).„.

."il,100

2,j,...

S,)„,

102.040

CI

3.j."i,:iiio

.llfli^OO

627....

371

. 1, 104,222

2......

7,000,,,,

? -jO

G.,..

14,3(10

71

S22,2iO

749,0?4, ,.,

7,S,-,,...

, 1,.'JOO....

. 1,738,393

.■!1

2,'i,70O..„

4,!,7i;:i

7'J....

7G,...

104,410

4

72,000,,,.

34,lilO

20...

8S,000

,•!

17,").00O.,,,

74,1.10 ,„

194,...

247,000

2

I.-..-., 000,,,,

l.'iO.OOO ,,,.

IW),...

2)0,000

14

2;!2,2.'0,.,,

l,VS,.-)07

2.33,...

29,1,803

8

000. 000

.W,S.SOll

9,10,...

. 1,306,700

13

297,400

11,S,004

192,...

253,:120

,1

rj:i.'i,ooo,...

(W<.70O

GO,')..,,

. 1,110,000

3

2JS,000

37S,S79

2:)3.,..

539,247

17

.14,000

47,?4S„,.

101,...

3,„,

11.1,794

71

m^fix)

247,S:iO

414.,..

l.S

C91,4:»

4

41,600

22,3.sO

34,.,.

2...

. G2,792

4

27.1.000 ...

. 414,700

4S....

. 63S,,100

S4

1,04^,4.50

. 2,C01.,304

. 1,170,...

1,16.,..

. 4,022,S;18

o

l,0."j«,O00

C90,.')00

. l,2,jj....

. l,4'2O,O0O

CI

1,244,S00,...

. 737,727

. 1,G13,...

. t>..

, i,se2,ooo

o

4'0,000

70,274

370....

403,000

2

240,000

134,200

12j....

20,1 000

«

10

MANUFACTUUES OF rillLADELrillA.

Ei Miuuifartnros. Mar.tilliis iliuliori' oloiiks)..

Shiv'jlo flitters

Jliitclies

Miitlii'maticiil aud optical

insti'uiiK'ntrt

Sfodi fines

Milliii.'ry, l:ieos, straw

'joods, etc

Mineral water, nio:uI, etc.,

Jlii-rurs ami gilt I'lames

Morucci) leather

Nails cut

Newsiiapcrs

Nets, llsli aud lly

l)il«, animal

dils, linseel aud nut

Oils of rosin

Oils, mineral, coal and po-

trolenni

Oil clotlis

Ors'au linilders

Paints aud colors

I'aper mills

I'aper liam;in:,'s

rerfumery a iid fancy soaps

i'iauos anil inelodeous

I'liin^d liiiulier

I'Uiinljers aud ijas litters .. Pocketbooks aud morocco

cases

Printers, Job and card

Printers, steel and copper- plate

Print works

Provision curers iiud packers

Koofs of felt aud compo- sition

Hoofs, iron

Saddles and liaruess

Safes and liank l.i"ks

.Sail aud uwniuf; niiiko's ...

Sasli aud tiliud milkers

Saws; band aud mill saws

Sawed lumber

?,>i,'ars

Se'viug in.\cliines

ShlpdMiildcrs, iron

Ship-builders, wood

Shins, collars, etc

Shoveln, spades, etc

fSilk-spinuinn mills

Silk friutiOB and trimmluK"

Silk dyers

Silverware (s did)

Silver-plated warn

Siiuir >ud cut tobacco

So.tp aud ' ludles

No. of

Cosi of

stablish-

raw niate-

Male

Femalo

Value of

inents.

Capital.

rial.

bauds.

bands.

Products.

30 . ...

o:!7..S.')0

;;oo,sso

]■>

023

089. SSO

ra

S21,!»ua

370,.VS,j

744

, ^010,l■i5

C)

20,1.10

32,374

04

79...,-.

70,700

30

104.700

.•lo.e.ii

113

1 •.••)>

164,SSB

34

42'.',.so0

ini,2.i0

170

53

702,0,'>0

23:<

.3.V1.S00

-.Iti.iJOO

413,103

S2,S7.-.

ra

140

. 1,080

1

900,171

0

2.W,000

.'il

2.SI),1.)0

283,146

330.....

630,000

31

843,1)00

l,04.i,743

7S4

15.5

, 1,727,846

1

e.'i.ooo

83,200

130

173,000

.SO

94S,300, ....

6(io,s:.)

932....,

12

. 1,741,100

3

."l.SOO

3,n';ii....

9 ...

24

13.100

0

103,000 ....

l.il.SOO ...

41....

246,188

r,

4.)0,ooO ,

. 71.-I.40O...,

90

i'00,020

3 .....

40,000

103,800....

Ij....

17.8,,0OO

3

120,000 ,

147,381

13...

200,200

4

200,000 .....

2.-/0,0ss

142....

19

.370,20il

fi

.33,.-)00

.0,224...

24....

28,000

6

(iOl.OOO

ri34,OiHI ...

148....

,. 1,101,724

C

400,000 ....

4s2.07.-i ...

140....

87

«S2,0'10

4

3lo,imo

201.100 ...

270...

20....

430,tKW

17

4S3,.'iO0

200,310....

193....

3S....

,. 712,.'l00

1.1

200,.-j00

63,100....

272....

410,:, 10

il

20s, 2oO

22S,GSO....

146....

372,850

01

227,S.)0 ....

213,430....

39a

2....

5.00,987

11

20.300

22.000....

73....

14...

SO.VJl

73

712.100..:..

541,319....

7.->7...,

90....

,. 1,430,420

4

24,.'i0r ...

0,436...

2.5...

,., •••

26,700

1:;

0C7,2.50

,. 2,S4? 300....

... 773...,

152....

.. 4,04S,88S

23

1,14.'i,,'pOO

. .3,.'.10,.n3....

233...

.. 4,570,807

4......

4ii,000....

70,470...

71...

, ,,,,

1.34.800

3

l.'p.-i.OOO....

1,3.1,0)0...

14.V..

300,000

7l>

;i.M,7oo....

417,.'i3.)...

1)52...

CO,..,

.,. 900,7S«

7

120,000....

W,.148...

133...

216,.0OO

IS

33,:vio ...

fi7,739...

71...

u ..

... 144,000

2.')-.....

104,070...,

... 131, SOO...

202 ..

...

... 330,840

1!

1S2,,;00....

12i!,4ii3...

220...

...

208. 600

/

l.'iS.OOO..,,

114.430...

.34...

...

183,020

2'il)

. 402,700...

... mi,240...

. 1,120...

.... 170 ..

... 1,228,220

11

212,000...,

,'i2,2.1S...

23S...

20....

247,.5.5J

3

4^0,000,,.,

24-.,000...

il.W...

...

448,.50O

13

1,3.-|0,000....

207,S.VV..

(iO.S.,,

...

804,.500

70

M4,il.J0..,,

... B,V\787...

104...

... .3,180...

... l,334,tKU

li ,

113,0lMI...

88,100...

109...

....

160,000

3

170,000,,,

270,000...

47...

.... 217...

4.V1,01H)

31

74S,!-oo,„

CU.OOS...

300..

800...

... 1,260,724

8

3."i,oo0,..

2o,n."iO. .

34...

17...

03,000

n

SOS.ooo,,.

,30s, '03..

14.V.

13..

516,000

2<i

200, soo...

123,471...

31^2..

0!>...

483,5.-)0

a

30,."i00,..

41. .'.00...

20..

5...

640,1.80

43

. 8,-A,333...

... 1,421,123..

.... 3i3,.

31...

„. 8,070,51)0

MANL'FACTVRES OP I'inr,AT>KI,lMnA

Femalo

Value of

IkukIs,

I'lMdUftS.

sa3

OSO.SSO

\01;),l'ii

79....-

70,700

iG4,.nSS

C3

7,J:J,GiO

1,08.-)

9fi.-.,171

1

2.V1,000

630,000

15.5

1,727,S48

173,000

12

. 1,741,100

24....

13.100

240,1 S6

('00,020

17,S,,0OO

20'1,200

10

.370,200

2S,imO

. 1,101,724

87....

«S2,0'10

2^....

4;i,'),ooo

3S....

712,.'i00

410,:. 10

372,S50

2....

5oJ,0!i7

14...

80,-j21

00....

.. 1,43.-|,42,5

20,700

152...

.. 4,04S,!-5S

.

.. 4,575,S07

•»•

134,800

30iV'00

CO,..

.. 9.-i!>,7!.0

..

210,.-,(I0

i; ..

i44,om

33'\>..li)

2.'iC.0i>o

, ...

1 >3,020

170 ..

.. l,22'i,22i)

20...

217,."p,5

...

44?,."iilO

•••

804..'iiin

. 3,180...

.. I,3:l4,!i0*

lon,itoo

.. 217...

4V1,0IH)

850...

.. 1,200,724

17,..

03,OHO

13..

510,0111

0!>..

4S3,.'mO

/!,.

140,1 SO

31„

„. 3,070,001)

Miviiuf.ictures.

^illices. ground

Surili

bt'H'l UUVkl'M

Stui'l KiniiiKs

l^tovcsHud i-iiu:,'i'«

SiiKiir ri-'Uuoi's

i>art.'ii;;il iiud d.'uliU lu- st iiiiiioiit.s

TiiUow rollucrs

T uuior.s luid (.■un''"i's

Tm luid shc't-irou

Trunk', mid Ciiriii.t-lJiiK's.... Typo I'uiuidries iiud stoveo-

ly|iers

t'lnli.' :i\sai;d iKtr.isoln.ic

V:iriiisli

Vi'Uiitiiiu l)liud.s

Viui'u'ii'

Wii^'.pu iniikoi-s iuid wlieol-

wn^'lits

Wagou-liul.M, sii.ikcs, fic...

W'liito li';id

Wliiii-* Hiul oauos

Wi;i>i\v ware, codar ware,

baskets, etc

W,ioleus(,aU Woo!)

Yarns, cottuii

" woolen

" wovoteu

" mixed

Totals lu llio City of I'liiladelplllii,— tucludliii,' iniKoeha- iieous inaiHil.ietnres, uot above specl- flod,— *

lu llie iim.iedlato vi- ciuity of tlie elty ;— Cotton and wo.deu

It-'U

Iron, and niannl'ac-

tiiips of Iron

I'aper

N'.i of

Cost of

Vale,, pf I'r.idiul-.

-M'.li^ll-

lne.lt,^.

Capital.

raw mate- rial.

Malfl hands.

I'om.iUi luiiuls.

14

191,800

4.-p3,905

93

35

4

177,000

13ii,975

03

6....

175,000

231,7.50

50

30>,2o'»

0

05,300

75,5ilO

99

130,1 1,-.2 004.1. t

4.'i

4.V3,100

3

1,540,000

5,472,700

478....

6,350, 7p10

17

152,350,...

51,014

1,J5....

13....

199,021

4'17.!'20

10

08,0(10 ...

2S5,27S

35 ...

40

1,035,2.VI....

. 1,443,720

339....

1,...

142

2S4,0.i0....

2011,1140

480....

10....

020,:.;35

20

70,570....

67,080

168....

7....

n

605,200....

85.3.W....

383...

12....

420,80)

21 ....

002,952....

. 741,945...

429..

605 ...

.. ],2pi7.3i.'0

l;i

215,700,...

305,833...

09...

423.990

28

37,300....

31,184...

75...

25...

1pi1,001)

H

130,800....

!-0,314....

C2...

183, .'5 J

SO

774, 4.W,..

414,883....

825...

..

997,1 '11

02,200,..

39,027....

60...

..

4,...

925,01 pO...

580,500....

123...

S5i1,.'iOp1

7....

*8,541...

43,815...

69...

:'-3...

08,700

20....

40,750...

.32,213...

100..

•• "

123,510

7 ...

330,0011 ..

497,2->l...

428..

245..

... 1,002,801)

l.K...

012,000...

499,478...

318..

4.10..

... 849,253

15 .

211,11110...

505,991...

180,.

04..

03o,4,'5

2...

30,.'pOpp..

21,775 ..

23,.

a.5..

34,290

3...

17,1100..

1S,85p1.,

25,.

3..

34„v.»

C,314.... »73,0S7,832.... «72,333,50.^ 69,383..

100 5,038,040..

3,220,809 3,504..

2.-'',009., 4141,048/:58

a, 309 0,777,34!)

3t,, 13 ,

3,041,010.. 4:iS,ooii..

, 1,003,003.., .Est, 250,1100,.,

2,431., l.Vl,

6, 'p;? *5l,00s,.io2 ... 477,473,077 75

,535..

73„ 32,390 .

... .3,8';8,151

64i,ii;o

, $l,i2,355.31S

107,931

0,41.7

♦1,411,00

Tpital nuinlMTof persons piipl.iyed

Tpp;al unnilp.'r of establislimeuls

Averap' produeM.iu of each person _^ ^^

Averagu producliou to each establishment »-,i,.u, .

. In 185.8, Edward Ypinn^r & C. published a work entitled "Vlillaplelphla a,ol it MannfactnreV'

by v.dwin T. Fr lU'V, wbieh was the lirst con.prehensWo accpnnt that her cil./..ns ever had of llo

l,,,p,prta,ioe of I'bilaplelpbla as a niannf,. tnrin,' cnlr,.. Th able Sp-ere.ary of the lM.lla,lelpbla Bri.rJ of Trap!e,I.orlnHlod,ett,Es.,.,wbowasapp.il.itp.l tp. revlso lb,, olllelal slatistics l,pr the ( en«« | ISO.. renarVslnhls Kepp,rt : "It Is also but Jns.lco to say that the puhlieatlppn o the 8tatlst,cs o,

' -n reiiiarkiib.y

i:i;m.i;v i nl- liiaple in riiilapleliphi.i m

nnvnnlactnres prepare,! by Mr Youn« and Mr. Freedley, in 1S58, pr.pvos to "'Vo been , aprnra.e in n, lov ..1 lb.. ,- ■«. m,.! ...lorMlly i.. b.' vp.ry w,01 M,..:iinp..l. n Iho,. M, n

. . . I